Agricultural trade policy, food prices and nutritional disparities in developing countries
Dr. Kafui Adjaye-Gbewonyo is a social epidemiologist who received her Doctor of Science in Social and Behavioral Sciences from the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health. Her research interests are in the social determinants of health, population health, and quantitative research methods. She is particularly interested in measuring the effects of societal factors, macroeconomics, and policy on health in African countries. For her IMMANA Fellowship, Kafui will be based at the Regional Institute for Population Studies at the University of Ghana and plans to study the relationship between agricultural trade policies and undernutrition across several African countries. Kafui is currently working as a research fellow in the Department of Global Health and Social Medicine at Harvard Medical School on a project evaluating non-communicable diseases among the poorest populations in the world.
Progress to reduce undernutrition in African countries over the last few decades has been slower than anticipated. Working with Professor S.V. Subramanian of the Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies and Professor Samuel Codjoe at the University of Ghana’s Regional Institute for Population Studies, I propose to implement innovative measures and methods to evaluate the potential role of agricultural trade policies on undernutrition disparities in African countries for the Innovative Methods and Metrics for Agriculture and Nutrition Actions (IMMANA) Postdoctoral Fellowship. My project combines the World Bank’s Updated National and Global Estimates of Distortions to Agricultural Incentives, 1955 to 2011, with Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) from 18 African countries between 1983 and 2010, and uses an innovative measure, the nominal rate of assistance (NRA) to tradable agriculture (NRAag_trad), to attempt to isolate the effects of agricultural trade policies from secular trends and other policies.
Kafui presents her research at ANH Academy Week, Kathmandu, Nepal, July 2017