Sukhwinder Singh (India)
Farm/crop/livelihood diversity and farm household nutrition in India: A comparative study of Punjab and Gujarat
Sukhwinder Singh is an IMMANA post-doctoral fellow at the School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan (USA). He is an agricultural economist. His research interests are agricultural sustainability, sustainable development, farming systems and conservation technologies. Currently, he is working as a Postdoctoral Fellow in Sustainable Agriculture at the School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan, USA on a project investigating ‘the effect of groundwater depletion on crop production in India.’ His IMMANA research project measures ‘the effect of farm, crop and livelihood diversity on farmer nutrition in India.’ He is developing various farm/crop/livelihood diversity, dietary diversity, and nutrition and energy density indexes, and establishing relationships between them.
He received his PhD in International and Rural Development from the School of Agriculture, Policy and Development, University of Reading, UK in July 2014 under the supervision of Professor Julian Park and Professor Chris Garforth. His PhD research investigated ‘the major indicators and determinants of agricultural sustainability in the Indian Punjab’. During 2015-16, he worked with the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad (India) on an international project titled ‘Impact of Better Cotton Initiative (BCI) in South Asia.’ Previously, after finishing his MBA, he had been teaching economics and management in India for about a decade. Having an inter-disciplinary background, his research interests encompass economics, management and agriculture.
Farm/crop diversity in the Indian Punjab has declined overtime. For instance, CDI has dropped from 0.75 in 1975-76 to 0.58 in 2006-07 and livestock population has declined by 5.7% between 2003 and 2012. Relatively, in Gujarat, cropping patterns are more diverse, and the livestock population expanded by 25% between 2003 and 2012. Thus, Punjab and Gujarat, having contrasting farm/crop diversity and nutrition levels, offer an ideal case study comparison in order to understand the association between farm/crop/livelihood diversity and farmer nutrition in India. This research aims at measuring ‘the effect of farm, crop and livelihood diversity on farmer nutrition in Punjab and Gujarat.’ It involves outlining farm, crop and livelihood diversity, dietary diversity, and nutrition and energy density indexes such as Farm Diversity Index (FDI), Crop Diversification Index (CDI), Livelihood Diversity Index (LDI), Body Mass Index (BMI), Z scores and Mid-Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC), Aggregate Nutrition Density Index (ANDI) and Energy Density Index (EDI), and establishing relationships between them.